Wildlife Monitoring

  • Breeding Birds
  • White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer

deerSince European settlement, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations in North America have experienced enormous changes in size and distribution.  Once abundant, deer numbers declined to near extinction by the early 1900s.  However, the ability of white-tailed deer to adapt to human disturbance has aided in the recovery of this species.  Urban sprawl benefits deer by fragmenting continuous blocks of forested lands into small sections with increased edge habitat favored by deer and rarely available for hunting.  Therefore, deer experience high rates of population growth as long as food is available in these small blocks of patchy habitat.  Deer become vulnerable to overpopulation, disease, and starvation in the absence of natural predators and hunting.  When deer occur in high densities, diseases are transmitted more readily as well. 

It is against a backdrop of urban sprawl, altered ecosystems, and concerns over visitor safety on National Park Service lands, we monitoring white-tailed deer populations.  Long-term trends in deer abundance provide one measure of assessing their potential as a problem for a park.  Documenting long-term patterns in deer numbers allows one to evaluate correlations with changes in vegetation.  With this information resource managers can more effectively identify and potentially mitigate damage caused to vegetation communities and endangered plant populations by deer.  Monitoring data also helps managers assess safety risks from deer-vehicle collisions and disease transmission.  Long-term monitoring of deer numbers is critical in evaluating any population control measures a park may implement.

Monitoring Questions and Approach
Reports

Arkansas Post National Memorial

White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas: 2005-2011 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report

White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas: 2005-2010 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report

White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas: 2005-2009 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report


Resource Brief | Cribbs, J.T. and D.G. Peitz.  2008.  White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas: 2008 Status Report.  Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2008/103. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

 

Cribbs, J.T. and D.G. Peitz. 2007. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas: 2007 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2007/025. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Peitz, D.G. 2006. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas: 2005-2006 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2006/014. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

 
Pea Ridge National Military Park    
White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas: 2005-2011 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report
 
White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas: 2005-2010 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report
 
White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas: 2005-2009 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report
 

Resource Brief | Cribbs, J.T. and D.G. Peitz.  2008.  White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas: 2008 Status Report.  Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2008/104. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

 
Cribbs, J.T. and D.G. Peitz. 2007. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas: 2007 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2007/026. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
 
Peitz, D.G. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas: 2005-
2006 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2006/015.
National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
 
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield    
White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield, Missouri: 2005-2011 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report
 
White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield, Missouri: 2005-2010 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report
 
White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield, Missouri: 2005-2009 interactive report | Instructions for viewing report
 
Resource Brief | Cribbs, J.T. and D.G.Peitz. 2008. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield, Missouri: 2008 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2008/102. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
 
Cribbs, J.T. and D.G. Peitz. 2007. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield, Missouri: 2007 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2007/027. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
 
Peitz, D.G. 2006. White-tailed Deer Monitoring at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield, Missouri: 2005-2006 Status Report. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/HTLN/NRTR—2006/016. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
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