National Park Service

Sonoran Desert I&M Network (SODN)

Washes

Washes graphic

Protocol Summary

Importance/Issues

Ephemeral and intermittent drainages serve as critical habitat and travel corridors for resident and migratory species in the Sonoran Desert and Apache Highlands ecoregions, and provide important ecosystem services such as flood dissipation, sediment transport, and habitat connectivity. Ephemeral and intermittent drainages also provide insights into the processes and conditions of the watersheds they drain.

Parks Monitored

Monitoring Objectives

For major intermittent and ephemeral washes, we will determine the status of and detect trends in:

  1. Stream channel morphology (over 10-year intervals or following a 100-year flooding event).
  2. Common (>25% absolute plant cover) native and non-native plant species and all perennial plant lifeforms within floodprone areas of major washes (over 5-year intervals or following a 50-year flooding event).

Potential Measures

  1. Channel morphology: Channel width x depth ratio; cross-sectional area, sinuosity, channel slope, and sediment composition.
  2. Riparian plant communities: Plant alliance type and distribution; community similarity measures over time and space.
  3. Riparian plant species and lifeforms: % vegetative cover for common (<25% absolute cover) perennial plants and perennial plant lifeforms; % frequency of uncommon (<25% absolute cover) perennial plants and annual plant lifeforms.
  4. Invasive exotic plants: Occurrence, frequency, and % foliar cover of selected exotic, invasive perennial and annual species.

Management Applications

Major washes are important focal resources for the parks where they occur. Managers can use monitoring information to guide park management actions and to address proximate issues that are occurring within park boundaries. Wash monitoring information also provides an index of overall watershed condition, providing park managers with information to effectively address broad-scale issues with adjacent land owners and other land management and regulatory agencies. Finally, wash conditions provide insights into broader landscape conditions due to the critical ecological services these systems support over surrounding terrestrial landscapes—services that are greatly disproportionate to the relatively meager area of these riparian corridors.

Protocol Status

This protocol is currently under development. Pilot testing began in 2011.

Status & Trends

No status or trend information is yet available.

Project Cooperators

Chihuahuan Desert Network

Project Contacts

Evan Gwilliam, SODN Aquatic Ecologist
Cheryl McIntyre, Chihuahuan Desert Network Physical Scientist

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Last Updated: November 13, 2014 Contact Webmaster