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Caribou

Overview

Contacts:

  • Kyle Joly

Park Units:

Resource Briefs

Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) have consistently ranked high as a vital sign for ARCN. At an estimated population size of over 400,000 animals, the Western Arctic Herd (WAH) are a significant ecological force in Northwestern Alaska and are the largest caribou herd in Alaska. The WAH has a substantial cultural impact in that the heritage and traditions of Native Alaskans in approximately 40 subsistence based communities in the region have been shaped by the availability of these caribou (Western Arctic Herd Working Group 2003). The availability of WAH also affects the economics of this region. The presence and relative abundance of WAH caribou have substantial impacts on the populations of wolves, bears, and wolverines in the area. Caribou are good integrators of regional conditions in northwestern Alaska because of their migratory nature. Caribou may have substantial effects on plant and lichen communities and by extension wildlife communities, either directly through browsing and grazing or indirectly through biogeochemical cycling. Key reasons for monitoring the WAH in network parks are that caribou are: (1) an extremely important subsistence species that occur in all park units within this network; (2) specifically identified in the management objectives of GAAR, KOVA and NOAT; (3) directly impact reindeer and reindeer herders in BELA; (4) considered good indicators of the condition of park ecosystems because they consume lichens and fungi making them good bio-indicators of environmental toxins; and (5) the focus of national and international datasets for caribou herds and caribou ecology across the Arctic region. Successful monitoring of the WAH by ARCN and NPS staff will require integration with existing efforts currently be done by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G), US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Download 17-ME-Noatak-migration%20(1).pdf Fullman TJ and Others. 2017. Effects of environmental features and sport hunting on caribou migration in northwestern Alaska. Movement Ecology. 5(4):2-11 2017 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2238925
Download ARCN_CARIBOU_RB_2017_final%20(2).pdf Joly K and Cameron M. 2017. Caribou Resource Brief. National Park Service 2017 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239930
Download NPS-NRR-2017-1398-Caribou-Annual-Report.pdf Joly K and Cameron MD. 2017. Caribou vital sign annual report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program: September 2015-August 2016. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2017/1398. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2017 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2238821
Download NPS-NRR-2017-1570-Caribou-Annual.pdf Joly K and Cameron MD. 2017. Caribou vital sign annual report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program: September 2016-August 2017. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2017/1570. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2017 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2248111
Download 17-APS-nomads.pdf Joly K and National Park Service. 2017. Caribou: Nomads of the North. Alaska Park Science. 16(1) 2017 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2238926
Download 16-BioCon-RedDogRoad.pdf Wilson RR and Others. 2016. Effects of roads on individual caribou movements during migration. Biological Conservation. 195:2–8 2016 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2225644
Download NPS-NRR-2015-1050-Caribou-Annual-Report-2014-2015.pdf Joly K and Cameron MD. 2015. Caribou vital sign annual report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program: September 2014-August 2015. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2015/1090. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2015 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2225193
Download 15-PLoSOne-Bou-Diet-Stress.pdf Joly K and Others. 2015. Non-Invasive Assessment of the Interrelationships of Diet, Pregnancy Rate, Group Composition, and Physiological and Nutritional Stress of Barren-Ground Caribou in Late Winter. PLoS ONE. 10(6):e0127586. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127586 2015 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2248137
Click to view holdings Joly K. 2015. PLOSONE Caribou Diet and Hormone Data. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. Fairbanks, Alaska (2 holdings) 2015 Generic Dataset Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2221776
Download 15-RSE-Snow-Persistence-Map.pdf Macander MJ and Others. 2015. Landsat-based snow persistence map for northwest Alaska. Remote Sensing of Environment. 63:23-31 2015 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2222078
Download 14-Rangifer-HHH-RMH.pdf Horne JS and Others. 2014. Population characteristics, space use and habitat selection of two non-migratory caribou herds in central Alaska, 1994 - 2009. Rangifer. 34(1):1-19 2014 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206833
Download 2014-spring-migration-early1-fixed.pdf Joly K and Sousanes P. 2014. Warm Winter & Early Caribou Migration. National Park Service, Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2210137
Download NRDS_Caribou_14_10_20_nrss.pdf Joly K. 2014. Caribou vital sign annual report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program: September 2013 – August 2014. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2014/729. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2014 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216710
Download NPS-NRDS-2013-586-Caribou-Annual-Report-2012-2013.pdf Joly K. 2013. Caribou vital sign annual report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program: September 2012-August 2013. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2013/586. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204773
Download CaribouNRR_12_08_28_nrss.pdf Joly K and Others. 2012. Caribou monitoring protocol for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2012/564. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2188837
Click to view holdings Joly K and Others. 2012. Simulating the effects of climate change on fire regimes in Arctic biomes: implications for caribou and moose habitat. Ecosphere. 3(5):1–18 (2 holdings) 2012 Journal Article Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2184895
Download RB_ARCN_caribou_Feb2012_Final.pdf Joly K. 2012. Arctic Network Natural Resource Brief: Monitoring the Western Arctic Caribou Herd 2012 Generic Document Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2183399
Download NPS-ARCN-NRDS-2012-233_Joly_CaribouAnnRept.pdf Joly K. 2012. Caribou Vital Sign Annual Report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program September 2009-August 2011. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2012/233. National Park Service. Fairbanks, AK 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2182343
Download NPS-ARCN-NRDS_2012-406_CaribouAnnReport.pdf Joly K. 2012. Caribou vital sign annual report for the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program: September 2011–August 2012. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2012/406. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2191279
Download SeaIceXing.pdf Joly K. 2012. Daring Dash Across Sea Ice. National Park Service 2012 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2185855
Download ARCNCaribou_Flier-Aggregation2012.pdf Joly K. 2012. Post-calving Caribou Aggregations. Fairbanks, AK 2012 Generic Document Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2187343
Download 12-CFN-ice-cross.pdf Joly K. 2012. Sea Ice Crossing by Migrating Caribou, Rangifer tarandus, in North-western Alaska. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 126(3):217-220 2012 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2193013
Download Spring_Migration_Running_Behind.pdf Joly K. 2012. Spring Migration Running Behind. National Park Service 2012 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2185635
Click to view holdings Macander MJ and Swingley CS. 2012. Mapping Snow Persistence for the Range of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd, Northwest Alaska,Using the Landsat Archive (1985-2011). Natural Resource Technical Report. 643. Fort Collins, Colorado (2 holdings) 2012 Published Report Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2191504
Download NW_AK_SnowFree_DayOfYear.tif.zip Macander MJ and Swingley CS. 2012. Typical Snow-free Day of Year Based on Landsat Time Series Analysis, Western Arctic Caribou Herd Range, Alaska. Fairbanks, AK 2012 Map Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2203863
Download 12-JWM-collaring-bias.pdf Pritchard AK and Others. 2012. Quantifying Telemetry Collar Bias When Age Is Unknown: A Simulation Study With a Long-Lived Ungulate. The Journal of Wildlife Management. :1-9 2012 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2185078
Download 11-JWM-lichen-fire.pdf Collins WB and Others. 2011. Fire, Grazing History, Lichen Abundance, and Winter Distribution of Caribou in Alaska’s Taiga. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 75(2):369-377 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217180
Download 11-Rangifer-WAH-RSF.pdf Joly K. 2011. Modeling influences on winter distribution of caribou in northwestern Alaska through use of satellite telemetry. Rangifer. 19 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217189
Download Joly KC and Klein DR. 2011. Complexity of Caribou Population Dynamics in a Changing Climate. Alaska Park Science. 10(1):27-31 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217178
Download 11-EG-bou-PDO.pdf Joly KC and Others. 2011. Linkages between large-scale climate patterns and the dynamics of Arctic caribou populations.. Ecography. 34(3):345-352 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217187
Download RB_ARCN_Caribou_2010-10-15.pdf Joly K and National Park Service. 2010. Caribou. National Park Service. Fairbanks, AK 2010 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2165483
Download 10-ES-lichens.pdf Joly K and Others. 2010. Winter habitat selection by caribou in relation to lichen abundance, wildfires, grazing, and landscape characteristics in northwest Alaska. Ecoscience. 17(3):321-333 2010 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2210698
Download ARCN-VS19_Caribou-PDS.pdf Joly KC. 2010. Arctic Network Caribou Monitoring Protocol Development Summary 2010 Protocol Development Summary Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204788
Download Joly K and Others. 2009. Decrease of lichens in Arctic ecosystems: the role of wildfire, caribou, reindeer, competition and climate in north-western Alaska. Polar Research. 28:433-442 2009 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217183
Download 09-APS-WAH-fire.pdf Joly K and Others. 2009. Fire in the range of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd. Alaska Park Science. 8(2) 2009 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2248141
Download 09-329_Report_FINAL.pdf Pritchard AK. 2009. Development of a preliminary population model of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd. ABR, Inc.. Fairbanks, AK 2009 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217184
Click to view holdings Jandt R and Others. 2008. Slow Recovery of Lichen on Burned Caribou Winter Range in Alaska Tundra: Potential Influences of Climate Warming and Other Disturbance Factors. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 40(1):89–95 (2 holdings) 2008 Journal Article Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2210696
Download 07-Rangifer-WAH-Range.pdf Joly K and Others. 2007. Changes in vegetative cover on Western Arctic Herd winter range from 1981 to 2005: potential effects of grazing and climate change. Rangifer. 17:199-207 2007 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204790
Download 07-CFN-diet.pdf Joly K and Others. 2007. Diets of overwintering Caribou, Rangifer tarandus, track decadal changes in Arctic tundra vegetation.. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 121(4):379-383 2007 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217186
Download 07-Arctic-WAH-burns.pdf Joly K and Others. 2007. Response of Overwintering Caribou to Burned Habitat in Northwest Alaska. Arctic. 60(4):401-410 2007 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217191
Download 03-CJZ-Joly-et-al.pdf Joly K and Others. 2003. Winter habitat use by female caribou in relation to wildland fires in interior Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 81(7):1192-1201 2003 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/581628


See also

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Sarwas R. 2017. Animal Movement Database. National Park Service, Alaska Region. Anchorage, AK. USA. Anchorage, AK. USA 2017 Geospatial Dataset Restricted 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2248172


Details

Key words: alaska, arctic, calving, caribou, gps, monitoring, national park, phenology, population, range, rangifer tarandus

Subject Category:

  • Ecological Framework: Biological Integrity | Focal Species or Communities | Mammals

Taxa:

  • Rangifer tarandus

View this project 'Caribou Monitoring in the Arctic Network of National Parks' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2017-12-20 09:37:36 by SDMiller@nps.gov

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