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Muskox

Overview

By the middle of the 19th century muskoxen were extirpated from Alaska (review in Lent 1999). Muskoxen were re-established in Alaska in the 1930’s. Currently, viable muskoxen populations occur in four locations in Alaska, two of these ranges overlay park units in ARCN. Muskoxen were re-established on the Seward Peninsula, AK and near Cape Krusenstern AK, in the 1970’s. Since their establishment, muskoxen have become are an important subsistence foods for local residents and are highly prized sport hunting resources. Muskoxen tend to occupy small home ranges in comparison to migratory species so are good integrators for local environmental conditions and meta-populations of this species are found throughout the year within the boundaries of the ARCN (e.g., residents). Muskox populations may have substantial effects on plant communities and by extension wildlife communities through effects on vegetation either directly through browsing and grazing or indirectly through biogeochemical cycling. Muskoxen are rare worldwide. Within the U.S. National Park system (NPS), muskoxen only occur in the ARCN. Key reasons for monitoring muskoxen are that muskox are: (1) an important subsistence species that occur in all park units within this network; (2) may impact reindeer and caribou in the ARCN; (3) as an arctic obligate species, area a good integrator of the condition in arctic park ecosystems.

Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Click to view holdings National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. 2017. 2015 Cape Krusenstern Muskox Survey Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, Fairbanks, AK. Cape Krusenstern National Monument (2 holdings) 2017 Geospatial Dataset Internal 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2244069
National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. 2017. Western Arctic Muskox Monitoring Database. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, Fairbanks, AK, USA (Restricted) 2017 Relational Database Restricted 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2247999
Click to view holdings National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. 2016. 2015 Seward Peninsula Muskox Survey Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, Fairbanks, AK. Seward Peninsual (4 holdings) 2016 Geospatial Dataset Internal 4 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2244056
Click to view holdings National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. 2016. 2015 Winter Composition Muskox Survey Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, Fairbanks, AK. Seward Peninsual (2 holdings) 2016 Geospatial Dataset Internal 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2244065
National Park Service. 2016. 1999 Cape Lisburne-Cape Krusenstern Muskoxen Census Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. Fairbanks, AK (Internal) 2016 Geospatial Dataset Internal 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2230400
Click to view holdings National Park Service. 2016. 2011 Cape Krusenstern Muskox Population Survey Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. Fairbanks, AK (2 holdings) 2016 Geospatial Dataset Internal 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2230499
Click to view holdings National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. 2014. 2013 Cape Krusenstern Muskox Population Survey Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, Fairbanks, AK. Cape Krusenstern National Monument (2 holdings) 2014 Geospatial Dataset Internal 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2244094
National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. 2013. 2012 Seward Peninsula Muskox Composition Count Survey Data Deliverables. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, Fairbanks, AK. Seward Peninsula (Internal) 2013 Geospatial Dataset Internal 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2244102
Download Schmidt_and_Gorn_2013_(effects_of_selective_harvest_muskox).pdf Schmidt JH and Gorn TS. 2013. Possible Secondary Population-Level Effects of Selective Harvest of Adult Male Muskoxen. PLos ONE. 8(6):1–11 2013 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2195945
Download POPULATION%20DYNAMICS%20OF%20MUSKOXEN%20IN%20NORTHWEST%20ALASKA-CAPTURE%20AND%20TELEMETRY-2009-2010.pdf Adams LG. 2011. Population dynamics of muskoxen in Northwest Alaska - capture and telemetry: Progress Report, March 2009 – December 2010. U.S. Geological Survey-Alaska Science. Anchorage, Alaska 2011 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2229896
Download 2011%20CT%20MOX%20report.pdf Schmidt JH and Westing C. 2011. A range-wide assessment of the Cape Thompson muskoxen population and implications for future distance sampling surveys. Fairbanks, Alaska 2011 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2230458
Download ARCN_Muskox_ProtocolDevelopmentSummary.pdf National Park Service. 2007. Arctic Network Muskox Protocol Development Summary. Fairbanks, AK 2007 Protocol Development Summary Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2166147


Details

Key words: alaska, arctic, cape krusenstern, muskox, population, seward peninsula, subsistence

Subject Category:

  • Ecological Framework: Biological Integrity | Focal Species or Communities | Mammals

Taxa:

  • Ovibos moschatus

View this project 'Muskox Monitoring in the Arctic Network of National Park Lands' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2017-12-14 04:39:21 by SDMiller@nps.gov

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