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Terrestrial Vegetation and Soils

Overview

Contacts:

  • David Swanson
  • Peter Neitlich, National Park Service

Park Units:

Resource Briefs

Vegetation is the basis for ecosystem productivity and wildlife habitat. Arctic vegetation is very sensitive to climate change and disturbance such as fire, herbivory, and traffic. Research has documented an increase in shrubs and, to a lesser extent, trees in the arctic over recent decades, probably related to climate change. Major changes in vegetation structure such as these have a cascading effect on other ecosystem attributes, such as herbivore use patterns, fire regime, and the chemistry of water bodies. In addition to vascular plants such as shrubs and herbs, the arctic has abundant lichens that provide biodiversity and wildlife forage. Lichens are quite sensitive to caribou and reindeer grazing, competition from other plants, fires, and contaminants. All of these factors could lead to decreased lichen diversity and biomass in the future.

Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Swanson DK. 2017. ARCN Terrestrial Vegetation and Soils Database. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. Fairbanks, AK. USA. (No holdings or the holding is external. Consult the IRMA reference) 2017 Relational Database Internal 0 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2248242
Click to view holdings Brumbaugh WG and Others. 2016. Development of ion-exchange collectors for monitoring atmospheric deposition of inorganic pollutants in Alaska parklands:.. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5096. U.S. Geological Survey. Reston, VA (5 holdings) 2016 Published Report Public 5 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2235263
Download ARCN_NRR_2016_1214.pdf Swanson DK and Neitlich P. 2016. Terrestrial vegetation monitoring protocol for the Arctic Alaska Network: Establishment, sampling, and analysis of permanent monitoring plots. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2016/1214. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2016 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2229705
Click to view holdings Khalsa D. 2015. Seasonal Changes in Alaska's National Parks (2 holdings) 2015 Movie/Video Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2224929
Click to view holdings Nelson PR and Others. 2015. Lichen traits and species as indicators of vegetation and environment. The Bryologist. 118(3):252–263 (2 holdings) 2015 Journal Article Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2225463
Download Swanson DK. 2015. Environmental Limits of Tall Shrubs in Alaska’s Arctic National Parks. PLos ONE. 10(9):e0138387 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138387 2015 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2224793
Download naf20094.pdf McCune B and Others. 2014. Macrolichen Diversity in Noatak National Preserve, Alaska. North American Fungi. 4(4):1-22 2014 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2194154
Download Rosso_et_al._2014_(1).pdf Rosso A and Others. 2014. Non-Destructive Lichen Biomass Estimation in Northwestern Alaska: A Comparison of Methods. PLos ONE. 9(7) 2014 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2217396
Click to view holdings Linder G and Others. 2013. Atmospheric Deposition and Critical Loads for Nitrogen and Metals in Arctic Alaska: Review and Current Status. Open Journal of Air Pollution. 2(4):76–99 (2 holdings) 2013 Journal Article Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2205633
Download ARCN_NRTR_2013_668.pdf Swanson DK. 2013. Three decades of landscape change in Alaska’s Arctic National Parks: Analysis of aerial photographs, c. 1980-2010. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/ARCN/NRTR—2013/668. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192701
Download ARCN_NRDS_2013_580.pdf Swanson DK. 2013. Vegetation sampling in the Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network, 2013 Progress Report. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2013/580. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204497
Download WACAP - Western Airborne Contaminants Assessment Project. National Park Service 2013 Web Site Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2205703
Download GAAR_Lichen_Data_from_OSU.zip Nelson P and McCune B. Gates of the Arctic Lichen Community Sampling Data, 2012. National Park Service; Oregon State University. Corvallis, OR 2012 Generic Dataset Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2211021
Download BirchAspenPoplar.mp4 Swanson DK. 2012. Birch, Aspen and Poplar in Alaska's National Parks 2012 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2185745
Download tussocks.mp4 Swanson DK. 2012. Tussock Tundra in Alaska's National Parklands 2012 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197468
Download ARCN_NRDS_2012_408.pdf Swanson DK. 2012. Vegetation Sampling in the Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network, 2009-2012. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2012/408. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2191284
Download Concentrations-and-bioaccessibility-of-metals-in-vegetation-and-dust-near-a-mining-haul-road,-Cape-Krusenstern-National-Mo.pdf Brumbaugh WG and Others. 2011. Concentrations and bioaccessibility of metals in vegetation and dust near a mining haul road, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 182(1–4) 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2184142
Download BlackSpruce.mp4 Swanson DK. 2011. Black Spruce in Alaska's National Parklands 2011 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197452
Download VegVitalSignProgRptDec2011.pdf Swanson DK. 2011. Vegetation and Soils Vital Sign Monitoring Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network Progress Report, December 2011. Fairbanks, AK 2011 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2181602
Download PB_ARCN_Shrb_Exp_Nov11_FINAL-2.pdf Tape K. 2011. Shrub Expansion Project Brief 2011 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204595
Click to view holdings Holt EA and Neitlich PN. 2010. Arctic Network Lichen Inventory Dataset (2 holdings) 2010 Geospatial Dataset Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2166259
Download Holt_and_Neitlich_2010_NRTR.pdf Holt EA and Neitlich PN. 2010. Lichen inventory synthesis: Western Arctic National Parklands and Arctic Network, Alaska. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/AKR/ARCN/NRTR—2010/385. National Park Service, Natural Resource Program Center. Fort Collins, Colorado 2010 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2165592
Download RB_ARCN_vegetation_Oct2010.pdf Swanson DK and Weaver L. 2010. Arctic Network Terrestrial Vegetation and Soils Natural Resource Brief. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2010 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2211112
Download Holt%20et%20al.%202009%20NOAT%20lichen%20communities.pdf Holt EA and Others. 2009. Macrolichen communities in relation to soils and vegetation in the Noatak National Preserve, Alaska. Botany. 87 2009 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239314
Download Holt_Bench_2008.pdf Holt EA and Bench G. 2008. 14C/C measurements support Andreev’s internode method to determine lichen growth rates in Cladonia stygia (Fr.) Ruoss.. The Lichenologist. 40(6) 2008 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239333
Download Holt%20et%20al.%202008%20BELA%20Grazing.pdf Holt EA and Others. 2008. Grazing and fire impacts on macrolichen communities of the Seward Peninsula, Alaska, U.S.A.. The Bryologist. 111(1) 2008 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239331
Download Holt%20et%20al.%202008_GIS.pdf Holt EA and Others. 2008. Spatial scale of GIS-derived categorical variables affects their ability to separate sites by community composition.. Applied Vegetation Science. 11 2008 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239320
Click to view holdings Swanson D. 2008. ARCN Terrestrial Vegetation and Soils Protocol Development Summary (2 holdings) 2008 Protocol Development Summary Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2165503
Click to view holdings Holt EA and Neitlich PN. Arctic Network Lichen Inventory Dataset (2 holdings) 2007 Geospatial Dataset Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239424
Click to view holdings Holt EA and Others. 2007. Succession and community gradients of Arctic macrolichens and their relation to substrate, topography, and rockiness.. Pacific Northwest Fungi. 2(2) (2 holdings) 2007 Journal Article Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239332
Download Holt%20et%20al.%202006%20Lichen%20Successional%20Metric.pdf Holt EA and Others. 2006. Defining a successional metric for lichen communities in the Arctic tundra.. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 38 2006 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2239423
Download Hasselbach.et.al_2005.pdf Hasselbach L and Others. 2005. Spatial patterns of cadmium and lead deposition on and adjacent to National Park Service lands in the vicinity of Red Dog Mine, Alaska. Science of the Total Environment. 348:211-230 2005 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2235268
Download 2000%20NPS%20Red%20Dog%20report.pdf Ford J and Hasselbach L. 2001. Heavy Metals in Mosses and Soils on Six Transects Along the Red Dog Mine Haul Road, Alaska. NPS/AR/NRTR-2001/38. National Park Service. Anchorage, Alaska 2001 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2235266
Download ARCN-VS24-VegVitalSignProgressReport-2010-03-10.pdf Vegetation and Soils Monitoring Protocol Testing Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network Progress Report, March 2010. David Swanson Generic Document Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2165465


See also

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Jorgenson MT and Others. 2009. An ecological land survey and landcover map of the Arctic Network. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/ARCN/NRTR—2009/270. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science 2009 Published Report Public 7 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/663934


Details

Key words: alaska, arctic, biomass, chemistry, climate, competition, contaminants, disturbance, diversity, fire, grazing, lichens, productivity, shrubs, soil, vegetation

Subject Categories:

  • Ecological Framework: Biological Integrity | Focal Species or Communities | Vegetation Complex
  • Ecological Framework: Geology and Soils | Soil Quality | Soil Function and Dynamics

View this project 'Terrestrial Vegetation and Soils Monitoring in the Arctic Network of National Parklands' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2017-12-26 04:11:45 by SDMiller@nps.gov

Last Updated: July 14, 2017 Contact Webmaster