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Fire Extent and Severity

Overview

Current and future climatic changes will impact the occurrence, extent, and severity of fires in the Arctic Network and will have cascading effects on other ecosystem processes. Fire can exert strong landscape scale effects on vegetation composition and distribution, permafrost dynamics, nutrient cycling, carbon gain or loss, and primary productivity. Wildland fire is one of the largest natural disturbance processes in the boreal and tundra ecosystems of the Arctic Network. Fire affects all of the parks within ARCN; in the past 50 yrs over 1 million acres have burned in the network. Fire influences not only vegetation succession and distribution, but also wildlife habitat, soil parameters (e.g. permafrost and nutrient cycling), hydrology, water quality and air quality. In addition, the natural fire regime (fire frequency, fire extent, and severity) and secondary fire effects are likely to respond to local and global climate changes (Rupp et al. 2000; Goetz et al. 2005). Baseline monitoring of fire parameters such as the number of fires, fire extent and burn severity will provide explanatory variables for ecological changes detected through the I&M program, while long term monitoring of fire effects on vegetation will provide a foundation to elucidate the complex relationship between fire and the landscape.

Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Click to view holdings Barnes J. 2015. NPS Alaska Eastern Area FFI Fire Effects Monitoring Data (3 holdings) 2015 Generic Dataset Public 3 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2219410
Click to view holdings Barnes J. 2015. NPS Alaska Western Area FFI Fire Effects Monitoring Data (3 holdings) 2015 Generic Dataset Public 3 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2219412
Download Higuera PE and Others. 2011. Variability of tundra fire regimes in Arctic Alaska: millennial scale patterns and ecological implications. Ecological Applications. 21(8):3211–3226 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2185040
Download projected-vegetation-and-fire-regime-Loya.pdf Loya W and Others. 2011. Projected Vegetation and Fire Regime Response to Future Climate Change in National Parks in Interior Alaska. Alaska Park Science. 10(1):23–25 2011 Journal Article Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2218660
Download ARCN-VS24_FireExtentSeverityPDS.pdf Allen J. 2008. Monitoring the extent, severity and impacts of fire (Fire Extent and Severity) 2008 Generic Document Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2165521
Download ARCN-VS24_FireExtentSeverityPDS.pdf Allen J. 2008. Monitoring the extent, severity and impacts of fire (Fire Extent and Severity) 2008 Protocol Development Summary Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2219545
Download NPS_ARCN_NRTR-2006-02-LongTermMonitoringVegetationChangeFollowingTundraFiresNoatakNPAlaska.pdf Racine C and Others. 2006. Long-term monitoring of vegetation change following tundra fires in Noatak National Preserve, Alaska. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/AKRARCN/NRTR—2006/02. Arctic Network Inventroy and Monitoring Program, National Park Service, Alaska Region. Fort Collins, Colorado 2006 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/662768


Details

Key words: alaska, carbon, climate change, disturbance, extent, fire, frequency, monitoring, national park service, nutrient cycling, permafrost, primary productivity, severity, succession, tundra, vegetation

Subject Categories:

  • Ecological Framework: Biological Integrity | Focal Species or Communities | Vegetation Complex
  • Ecological Framework: Landscapes | Fire and Fuel Dynamics | Fire and Fuel Dynamics

View this project 'Monitoring Fire Effects and Severity in the Arctic Network of National Parklands' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2015-02-02 04:10:00 by Unknown

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