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Permafrost

Overview

Contacts:

  • Dave Swanson

Park Units:

Resource Briefs

Permafrost underlies most of the Arctic Network and affects nearly everything in the arctic ecosystem, from soils and vegetation to water and wildlife. Permafrost is ground that doesn’t thaw in the summer due to a cold climate. Permafrost perches water near the surface, making soils wet and runoff fast. The striking polygonal patterned ground so characteristic of the arctic is due to permafrost. Ice can build up in the ground and then thaw, producing pits, ponds, lakes, and landslides. Many scientists believe that our climate is warming and permafrost will thaw; some think that permafrost thaw has already started. Thaw of permafrost could have many consequences, such as drainage of lakes, creation of new ponds, soil erosion, slumps, siltation of streams and lakes, release of greenhouse gasses, and changes in soil wetness and nutrient supplies.

Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Swanson DK. 2017. Permafrost Monitoring Database. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program (Internal) 2017 Relational Database Internal 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2248174
Download ARCN_NRR_2017_1396.pdf Swanson DK. 2017. Permafrost monitoring protocol for the Arctic Network: Narrative. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2017/1396. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2017 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2238783
Download ARCN_NRR_2017_1397.pdf Swanson DK. 2017. Permafrost monitoring protocol for the Arctic Network: Standard operating procedures. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2017/1397. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2017 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2238788
Click to view holdings Panda KS and Others. 2016. High-resolution permafrost modeling in the Arctic Network national parks, preserves and monuments. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2016/1366. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado (4 holdings) 2016 Published Report Public 4 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2237720
Download PermafrostWarmingBrief2016.pdf Swanson DK and DiFolco D. 2016. Rapid Permafrost Warming Underway in Gates of the Arctic. National Park Service 2016 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2240901
Click to view holdings Swanson DK. 2016. Permafrost-related poster and field trip handout from the NPS Centennial Science and Stewardship Symposium, 19-21 Oct 2016. National Park Service, Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network. Fairbanks, AK (2 holdings) 2016 Generic Document Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2236919
Download ARCN_NRR_2016_1109.pdf Swanson DK. 2016. Soil temperatures in Alaska's Arctic National Parks, 2011–2015, and implications for permafrost stability. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2016/1109. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2016 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2226036
Download ARCN_NRR_2016_1248.pdf Swanson DK. 2016. Stability of Ice-Wedges in Kobuk Valley National Park and the Noatak National Preserve, 1951–2009. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ARCN/NRR—2016/1248. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2016 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2230516
Click to view holdings Swanson DK. 2016. Summary of ground temperature observations in the Kobuk Preserve Unit, Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, 2014-2016. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/GAAR/NRDS—2016/1069. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado (6 holdings) 2016 Published Report Public 6 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2236995
Click to view holdings Swanson DK. 2014. Mapping of erosion features related to thaw of permafrost in the NPS Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network, Alaska. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/ARCN/NRTR—2014/912. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado (3 holdings) 2014 Published Report Public 3 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216465
Download J8W07110020_final_report_1.pdf Lien N and Others. 2013. LITERATURE REVIEW OF PERMAFROST IN NORTHERN ALASKA PARKS, 2012. Fairbanks, AK 2013 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204891
Download ARCN_NRDS_2013_591.pdf Swanson DK. 2013. Monitoring of retrogressive thaw slumps in the Arctic Network, 2012. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2013/591. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2205275
Download ARCNslumps_v2.wmv Swanson DK. 2012. A permafrost thaw slump in the Noatak National Preserve, Alaska 2012 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2183496
Download NRDS248_NOATerosion2012.pdf Swanson DK. 2012. Mapping of Erosion Features Related to Thaw of Permafrost in the Noatak National Preserve, Alaska. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2012/248. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2183541
Download NRDS247slump3D2012.pdf Swanson DK. 2012. Monitoring of retrogressive thaw slumps in the Arctic Network, 2011: Three-dimensional modeling of landform change. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2012/247. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2183540
Download Aufeis.mp4 Swanson DK. 2011. Aufeis in Alaska's National Parklands 2011 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197451
Download IceWedges.mp4 Swanson DK. 2011. Ice Wedge Polygons in Alaska's National Parks 2011 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197453
Download pingos.mp4 Swanson DK. 2011. Pingos in Alaska's National Parks 2011 Movie/Video Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2180516
Download ARCN-VS09_PermafrostPDS.pdf Swanson D. 2010. Permafrost and Active Layer. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2010 Protocol Development Summary Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2220039
Download NPS_ARCN_NRDS_2010-123_SlumpModeling.pdf Swanson DK and Hill K. 2010. Monitoring of retrogressive thaw slumps in the Arctic Network, 2010 baseline data: Three-dimensional modeling with small-format aerial photographs. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2010/123. National Park Service, Natural Resource Program Center. Fort Collins, Colorado 2010 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2166897
Download NPS_ARCN_NRDS_2010-122_ErosionMapping.pdf Swanson DK. 2010. Mapping of erosion features related to thaw of permafrost in Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, and Kobuk Valley National Park. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2010/122. National Park Service, Natural Resource Program Center. Fort Collins, Colorado 2010 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2166895
Download RB_ARCN_permafrost_Oct2010_FINAL.pdf Swanson DK. 2010. Permafrost Resource Brief. National Park Service Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2010 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2221072
2009. Evaluation of Proposed ARCN Climate Monitoring Stations for Soil and Permafrost Temperature Monitoring. Dave Swanson; National Park Service (Internal) 2009 Generic Document Internal 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2165051


Details

Key words: active layer, alaska, ice, permafrost, soils

Subject Category:

  • Ecological Framework: Geology and Soils | Soil Quality | Soil Function and Dynamics

View this project 'Permafrost Monitoring in the Arctic Network of National Parklands' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2017-12-21 08:56:52 by SDMiller@nps.gov

Last Updated: July 14, 2017 Contact Webmaster