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Central Alaska Network

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Climate

Overview

Contacts:

  • Pamela Sousanes
  • Ken Hill

Park Units:

Resource Briefs

Climate patterns are key to understanding ecosystem processes, yet the available analyses, trends, and models for Alaska are based on relatively few observations. One of the fundamental ways the Central Alaska Network is helping to assess climate change is by deploying climate stations that record temperature, precipitation, wind speed and direction, soil temperature, relative humidity, snow depth, and solar radiation, throughout the parks. These new climate stations are providing critical quantitative data for current and future research and management decisions. There are several large-scale climate patterns and indices that are of particular interest to Alaska, including the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) which is an index of sea surface temperatures in the North Pacific Ocean. Typical winter sea surface temperatures during the warm phase of the PDO are warmer off of the Gulf Coast of Alaska moderating air temperatures over Alaska (Hartmann and Wendler, 2005; Keen, 2008). The PDO seems to cycle through a warm and cool phase every 20 -30 years. Temperature trends that have shown climatic warming tend to be strongly biased by a sudden shift in 1976 from the cooler regime to a warmer regime. Since 2005 the index has been predominantly negative and annual air temperatures have been near or below normal around CAKN – a possible indication of a phase shift from positive to negative. Unfortunately large scale changes such as this take at least a decade to confirm. The mission of the Arctic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program (ARCN) is to collect, compile and synthesize scientific information about the arctic network of parks in order to manage park resources "unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations". The Inventory and Monitoring Program is a major component of the National Park Service’s strategy to improve park management through greater reliance on scientific information. In an attempt to better understand climate variation as well as long-term changes in park ecosystems, several new long-term climate monitoring stations are being proposed in the Arctic parks. The objective of the climate monitoring program is to monitor and record weather conditions at representative locations in order to identify long and short-term trends, provide reliable climate data to other researchers, and to participate in larger scale climate monitoring and modeling efforts beyond park boundaries.

Park Weather Summaries

Year Park Season Title
2017 DENA Spring Denali Spring 2017 Weather Summary
2017 DENA Summer Denali Summer 2017 Weather Summary
2017 WRST Spring Wrangell - St. Elias Spring 2017 Weather Summary
2017 WRST Summer Wrangell-St. Elias Summer 2017 Weather Summary
2017 YUCH Spring Yukon-Charley Rivers Spring 2017 Weather Summary
2017 YUCH Summer Yukon-Charley Rivers Summer 2017 Weather Summary

Download previous weather summaries. Download previous weather summaries


Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Click to view holdings Sousanes P and Others. 2016. 2016 CAKN Weather and Climate Data Deliverables. Central Alaska Network. Fairbanks, Alaska (9 holdings) 2016 Generic Dataset Public 9 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2240059
Download 2013_ClimateStationMaintenance_CAKN.pdf Hill K and Sousanes P. 2014. Climate Station Maintenance in the Central Alaska Inventory and Monitoring Network: 2013 summary. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ARCN/NRDS—2014/731. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2014 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216714
Download Climate_station_maintenance_in_the_Central_Alaska_Inventory_and_Monitoring_Network_2014_summary.pdf Hill K and Sousanes P. 2014. Climate station maintenance in the Central Alaska Inventory and Monitoring Network: 2014 summary. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2014/741. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2014 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2218544
Download WRST_Spring2014.pdf Hill K and Sousanes P. 2014. Wrangell - St. Elias Spring 2014 Weather Summary 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216680
Download WRST_Summer2014.pdf Hill K and Sousanes P. 2014. Wrangell - St. Elias Summer 2014 Weather Summary 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216685
Download YUCH_Spring2014.pdf Hill K and Sousanes P. 2014. Yukon-Charley Rivers Spring 2014 Weather Summary 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216676
Download YUCH_Summer2014.pdf Hill K and Sousanes P. 2014. Yukon-Charley Rivers Summer 2014 Weather Summary 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216686
Download DENA_Spring2014.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2014. Denali Spring 2014 Weather Summary 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216677
Download DENA_Summer2014.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2014. Denali Summer 2014 Weather Summary 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2216684
Download DENA_Winter_2013-2014_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2014. Denali Winter 2013-2014 Weather Summary. National Park Service 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2209585
Download WRST_Winter_2013-2014_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2014. Wrangell - St. Elias Winter 2013-2014 Weather Summary. National Park Service 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2209587
Download YUCH_Winter_2013-2014_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2014. Yukon-Charley Rivers Winter 2013-2014 Weather Summary. National Park Service 2014 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2209586
Download Annual_Climate_Summary_2012_CAKN_nrss_(1).pdf Sousanes PJ and Hill KR. 2014. Annual climate summary 2012: Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2014/606. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2014 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206494
Download NPS-CCSP-Report-Central.pdf Winfree R and Others. 2014. Climate change scenario planning for central Alaska parks: Yukon-Charley, Wrangell-St. Elias, and Denali.. Natural Resource Report. NPS/AKSO/NRR—2014/829. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2014 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2212217
Download Keen_2011_nrssUpdated2013.pdf Keen RA. 2013. Climate station analysis of existing weather stations in and around Central Alaska Network: Update through 2010. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR—2013/662. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192597
Download DENA_Fall_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Denali Fall 2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206300
Download DENA_Spring_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Denali Spring 2013 Weather Summary. Fairbanks, AK 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197077
Download DENA_Summer_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Denali Summer 2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206289
Download DENA_Winter_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Denali Winter 2012-2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2194261
Download DENA_Winter_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Denali Winter 2012-2013 Weather Summary. Fairbanks, AK 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197076
Download WRST_Fall_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Wrangell - St. Elias Fall 2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206303
Download WRST_Summer_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Wrangell - St. Elias Summer 2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206297
Download WRST_Winter_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Wrangell - St. Elias Winter 2012-2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2194259
Download WRST_Spring_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Wrangell – St. Elias Spring 2013 Weather Summary. Fairbanks, AK 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197078
Download YUCH_Fall__2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Yukon-Charley Rivers Fall 2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206304
Download YUCH_Spring_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Yukon-Charley Rivers Spring 2013 Weather Summary. Fairbanks, AK 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2197058
Download YUCH_Summer_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Yukon-Charley Rivers Summer 2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2206298
Download YUCH_Winter_2013_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2013. Yukon-Charley Rivers Winter 2012-2013 Weather Summary 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2194246
Download Annual_Climate_Summary_2011_CAKN_nrss.pdf Sousanes PJ and Hill KR. 2013. Annual climate summary 2011: Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2013/423. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192596
Download DENA_Fall_2012_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2012. Denali Fall 2012 Weather Summary 2012 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192210
Download WRST_Fall_2012_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2012. Wrangell - St. Elias Fall 2012 Weather Summary 2012 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192212
Download YUCH_Fall_2012_Weather_Summary.pdf Sousanes P and Hill K. 2012. Yukon-Charley Rivers Fall 2012 Weather Summary 2012 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192193
Download Annual_Climate_Summary_2007_CAKN.pdf Sousanes PJ. 2012. Annual climate summary 2007: Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2012/244. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2182984
Download Annual_Climate_Summary_2008_CAKN.pdf Sousanes PJ. 2012. Annual climate summary 2008: Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2012/245. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2183390
Download Ann_Clim_Summ_2009_CAKN_final_nrss.pdf Sousanes PJ. 2012. Annual climate summary 2009: Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2012/272. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2012 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2184375
Download Annual_Climate_Summary_2010_CAKN_nrss.pdf Sousanes P. 2011. Annual climate summary 2010: Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science. Fort Collins, Colorado 2011 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2176980
Download RB_ClimateChange_CAKN_FINAL.pdf National Park Service. 2010. Central Alaska Network Climate Change Resource Brief 2010 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2209649
Download Annual_Climate_Summary_2010_CAKN.pdf Sousanes P. 2010. Annual Climate Summary 2010, Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/CAKN/NRDS—2011/199. Fort Collins, Colorado 2010 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2182533
Download CAKN_Climate_Data__Analysis__Keen_2008.pdf Keen RA. 2008. Climate Data Analysis of Existing Weather Stations in around the Central Alaska Network (CAKN). Golden, CO 2008 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2209652
Download RB_climateCAKN_may08.pdf Sousanes P. 2008. Record Temps Recorded At Network Weather Stations Over Past 7 Years: Climate Monitoring In The Central Alaska Network 2008 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2209655
Download CAKN_Annual_Climate_Summary_2006.pdf Sousanes PJ. 2008. Annual Climate Summary 2006 - Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR—2008/141. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science, Natural Resource Program Center. Fort Collins, Colorado 2008 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/660824
Click to view holdings Sousanes PJ. 2006. Climate Monitoring Protocol for the Central Alaska Network Denali National Park and Preserve, Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, and Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. National Park Service. Denali Park, Alaska (3 holdings) 2006 Unpublished Report Public 3 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192457
Download CAKN_Climate_Protocol_SOPs.pdf National Park Service. 2004. Climate Monitoring Protocol for Central Alaska Network: Standard Operating Procedures 2004 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192458
Sousanes P and Hill K. Wrangel l -St. Elias Fall 2012 Weather Summary (No holdings or the holding is external. Consult the IRMA reference) Resource Brief Public 0 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2192211


See also

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Central Alaska Network, Inventory and Monitoring Program, National Park Service (CAKN) Program Public 2 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2210836


Details

Key words: alaska, cakn, climate, monitoring, precipitation, temperature, trend, weather, wind

Subject Category:

  • Ecological Framework: Air and Climate | Weather and Climate | Weather and Climate

View this project 'Climate Monitoring in the Central Alaska Network of National Parklands' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2017-12-16 12:38:42 by PJSousanes@nps.gov

Last Updated: July 14, 2017 Contact Webmaster