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Central Alaska Network

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Streams and Rivers

Overview

Contacts:

  • L. Simmons

Park Units:

Resource Briefs

Compared to National Parks in the lower 49, water quality in the Central Alaska Network (CAKN) is generally very good. However, both past and present human actions have had negative impacts on stream and river ecosystems in these parks. The legacy of mineral extraction, in particular gold mining, has had the most obvious effects. Some historically mined streams, for example, exhibit substantial water quality impairment due to excess heavy metal concentrations, elevated sediment loads and habitat alteration. Other current and past activities, such as ATV use, logging, road construction, and infrastructure development can have deleterious effects on water quality as well. Water quality is not just about safe drinking water. The Clean Water Act outlines a much more comprehensive vision, one that encompasses physical and biological as well as chemical aspects of water quality. To evaluate how park streams are responding to human activities, we are developing analytical tools for assessing the biological integrity of stream ecosystems. These tools, which are used by water quality agencies all around the world, use the status or health of aquatic macroinvertebrate communities as indicators of the status or health of the stream ecosystem as a whole. These tools will allow park managers to accurately assess the effects of management actions on water quality in park streams, as well as to evaluate the progress of restoration projects. OBJJECTIVES -Determine long-term trends in annual and seasonal flow patterns in selected streams and rivers -Determine long-term trends in chemical and biological measures of water quality -Determine long-term trends in the composition and spatial distribution of aquatic communities, including macroinvertebrates and diatoms -Develop tools for park managers to assess biological water quality in selected streams and rivers -Monitor changes in the distribution of anadromous and resident fish species

Products

Citation Year Type Access Holdings IRMA
Simmons T. 2017. Data quality standards for monitoring stream ecosystems in the Central Alaska Network. Natural Resource Report. NPS/CAKN/NRR—2017/1525. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado (No holdings or the holding is external. Consult the IRMA reference) 2017 Published Report Public 0 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2244207
Download CAKN%20Stream%20Monitoring%20SOPs%20Final.pdf Simmons T. 2017. Monitoring Stream Ecosystems in the Central Alaska Network: Standard Operating Procedures Version 1.0. Central Alaska Network 2017 Standard Operating Procedure Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2240632
Download CAKN_Stream_Monitoring_Protocol_Narrative_20170622.pdf Simmons T. 2017. Monitoring stream ecosystems in the Central Alaska Network: Protocol narrative. Natural Resource Report. NPS/CAKN/NRR—2017/1470. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2017 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2241006
Download CAKN_StreamsRivers_RB_July2017_FINAL.pdf Simmons T. 2017. Using Environmental DNA to Monitor Aquatic Species: Fisheries Surveys in a Bottle 2017 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2242610
Download 2011_Stream_Annual_Report_NRR_v3.7.pdf Simmons T. 2015. Central Alaska Network flowing waters monitoring program: 2011 annual report. Natural Resource Report. NPS/CAKN/NRR—2015/965. National Park Service, Central Alaska Inventory and Monitoring Network. Fort Collins, Colorado 2015 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2222019
Download CAKN_Stream_Monitoring_Program_2012_Field_Season_Report_final.pdf Simmons T. 2013. CAKN Stream Monitoring Program 2012 Field Season Report. National Park Service Central Alaska Network Inventory and Monitoring Program. Fairbanks, AK 2013 Unpublished Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2194987
Download 2010_CAKN_Streams_Report_Final.pdf Simmons T. 2013. Central Alaska Network flowing waters monitoring program: 2010 annual report. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR—2013/727. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2013 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2194333
Download RB_CAKN_RivStreamNabesna_OCT12FINAL.pdf Simmons T. 2013. Cooperative Monitoring of River Flow on the Nabesna River (CAKN Streams & Rivers Resource Brief). National Park Service Central Alaska Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2013 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2190736
Click to view holdings Arp CD and Simmons T. 2012. Analyzing the Impacts of Off-Road Vehicle (ORV) Trails on Watershed Processes in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. Environmental Management. 3:751–766 (3 holdings) 2012 Journal Article Restricted 3 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2185811
Download RB_CAKN_RivStreamWQ_MAY12FINAL.pdf Simmons T. 2012. Streams and Rivers Biological Assessment of Water Quality Resource Brief. National Park Service Central Alaska Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2012 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2190469
Download 2009_Annual_Report_in_NRTR_format_nrss_Final.pdf Simmons T. 2011. Central Alaska Network flowing waters monitoring program: 2009 annual report. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR—2011/454. National Park Service, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science. Fort Collins, Colorado 2011 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2171170
Download RB_CAKN_RivStreamWQ_FEB11_FINAL.pdf Simmons T. 2011. Streams and Rivers Water Quality Resource Brief. National Park Service Central Alaska Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2011 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2195860
Simmons T. 2010. Central Alaska Network Flowing Waters Program: 2008 Annual Report. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR-2010/310. National Park Service, Natural Resource Program Center. Fort Collins, Colorado (Internal) 2010 Published Report Internal 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/664502
Download RB_CAKN_RivStreamCC_Oct10_FINAL.pdf Simmons T. 2010. Rivers & Streams Climate Change Resource Brief. National Park Service Central Alaska Network Inventory and Monitoring Program 2010 Resource Brief Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2204756
Download 2007%20Annual%20Report%20in%20NRTR%20format%20-%20Final.pdf Simmons T. 2009. Central Alaska Network Flowing Waters Monitoring Program: 2007 Annual Report. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR-2009/218. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2009 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/661709
Download 2006%20CAKN%20Annual%20Report%20in%20NRTR%20format%20-%20final.pdf Simmons T. 2009. Protocol Development and Biological and Physical Characterization of Streams in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve: Results of the 2006 Central Alaska Network flowing waters pilot study. Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/CAKN/NRTR-2009/217. National Park Service. Fort Collins, Colorado 2009 Published Report Public 1 Link to https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/661708


Details

Key words: aquatic communities, diatoms, flow patterns, freshwater fishes, macroinvertebrates, rivers, streams, water quality

Subject Categories:

  • Ecological Framework: Biological Integrity | Focal Species or Communities | Fishes
  • Ecological Framework: Biological Integrity | Focal Species or Communities | Freshwater Communities
  • Ecological Framework: Water | Hydrology | Surface Water Dynamics
  • Ecological Framework: Water | Water Quality | Aquatic Macroinvertebrates and Algae
  • Ecological Framework: Water | Water Quality | Water Chemistry

View this project 'Streams & Rivers (Flowing Waters) Inventory & Monitoring in the Central Alaska Network of National Parklands' on the IRMA Data Store | JSON | XML | Project reference last updated on 2017-12-14 08:08:08 by SDMiller@nps.gov

Last Updated: July 14, 2017 Contact Webmaster