National Park Service

Cumberland Piedmont Network (CUPN)

Inventory & Monitoring at Kings Mountain National Military Park

Rare Plant at KIMO Rare Plant at KIMO
NPS LogoOfficial Kings Mountain NMP Website
CUPN park map
Location of Kings Mountain NMP in the Cumberland Piedmont Network. Click for larger image.

Kings Mountain is a rocky spur of the Blue Ridge Mountains that rises 46 m above the surrounding area. In 1780, British Major Patrick Ferguson and his loyalist militia were severely defeated by a small band of patriot forces, turning the tide on England's attempt to conquer the South. Topographically, KIMO is characterized by a series of ridges that generally run from southwest to northeast. On mesic and dry-mesic slopes, overstories contain white oak, red maple, and tulip poplar, and understories contain large components of flowering dogwood. Typical dry-site species include chestnut oak, scarlet oak, and shortleaf pine, with post oak and blackjack oak also common.

The Cumberland Piedmont Network inventory program has provided this park with a vegetation community classification and map, a wetlands inventory, and updated vascular plant and vertebrate species lists. During the vegetation community classification work, 27 distinct associations were documented and mapped, including interesting chestnut oak-blackjack oak woodland.

The Network monitoring program at this park includes four vital signs that involve repeated visits to established sites, following procedures established by each monitoring protocol. These four vital signs are: forest vegetation communities, invasive species early detection, ozone/foliar injury, and water quality. Water quality monitoring began in 2003 and continues on a bi-monthly schedule every-other-year (odd years) at seven sites. Forest monitoring began in 2011–2012 with the establishment of 16 long-term monitoring plots. More new plots will be established over the next couple years, followed by a five-year revisit schedule, occurring in late June. Ozone levels and foliar injury are assessed on-site every six years, beginning in 2013. The Invasive Species Early Detection protocol was completed in 2012 and will be used by field crews to monitor for priority exotics during their scheduled field work.

Park managers are using inventory and monitoring data to create resource stewardship strategies for achieving desired future conditions. The links to inventory and monitoring reports are provided on this page.

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List Species Found at Kings Mountain NMP

Select a Species Category (optional):

What's the difference?

A Checklist contains only those species that are designated as "present" or "probably present" in the park.

The Full List with Details includes all the Checklist species plus species that are unconfirmed, historically detected, or incorrectly reported in the park. The Full List also contains species that are "in review" because their status in the park hasn't been fully determined. Additional details about the status of each species is included in the Full List.

The Checklist will almost always contain fewer species than the Full List.

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Search All Kings Mountain NMP Publications

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Vegetation Communities
Water Quality & Quantity
Other

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Birds
Fish
Herps
Mammals
Natural Resource Condition Assessment

2014 Natural Resource Condition Summary Tables Air Vegetation Water

Plants
Vegetation Mapping & Accuracy Assessment
Wetlands
Other

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Ozone & Foliar Injury
Vegetation Communities
Water Quality & Quantity

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Invasive Species Early Detection
Ozone & Foliar Injury
Vegetation Communities
Water Quality & Quantity

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Other

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Last Updated: December 30, 2016 Contact Webmaster