National Park Service

Cumberland Piedmont Network (CUPN)

Inventory & Monitoring at Russell Cave National Monument

Russell Cave NM Entrance at Russell Cave NM
NPS LogoOfficial Russell Cave NM Website
CUPN park map
Location of Russell Cave NM in the Cumberland Piedmont Network. Click for larger image.

Located in north eastern Alabama, Russell Cave has one of the longest and most complete archeological records in the eastern United States. Artifacts indicate intermittent human habitation for almost 9,000 years. Varying styles of spears and arrow points show that different bands of Indians used the cave as a permanent home, as winter quarters, or, in the case of nomadic tribes, as a stopover. This site is 310 acres in size and contains the cave, a stream, sinkholes, and sandstone outcrops.

The Cumberland Piedmont Network inventory program has provided this park with a vegetation community classification and map, a wetlands inventory, and updated vascular plant and vertebrate species lists. During the vegetation community classification work, 10 distinct associations were documented and mapped, including an uncommon mesic limestone oak forest.

The Network monitoring program at this park includes six vital signs involving repeated visits to established sites following procedures set forth by each monitoring protocol. These six vital signs are: cave aquatic biota, cave bats, forest vegetation communities, invasive species early detection, ozone/foliar injury, and water quality. The cave aquatic biota and cave bat monitoring protocols are scheduled for completion in 2013. Water quality monitoring began in 2005 and continues on a monthly schedule for two years "on", five years "off", at three sites. Forest monitoring began in 2011–2012 with the establishment of 16 long-term monitoring plots.  More new plots will be established over the next couple years, followed by a five-year revisit schedule, occurring in mid-May. Ozone levels and foliar injury are assessed on-site every six years, beginning in 2011. The Invasive Species Early Detection protocol was completed in 2012 and will be used by field crews to monitor for priority exotics during their scheduled field work.

Park managers are using inventory and monitoring data to create resource stewardship strategies for achieving desired future conditions. The links to inventory and monitoring reports are provided on this page.

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List Species Found at Russell Cave NM

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What's the difference?

A Checklist contains only those species that are designated as "present" or "probably present" in the park.

The Full List with Details includes all the Checklist species plus species that are unconfirmed, historically detected, or incorrectly reported in the park. The Full List also contains species that are "in review" because their status in the park hasn't been fully determined. Additional details about the status of each species is included in the Full List.

The Checklist will almost always contain fewer species than the Full List.

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Search All Russell Cave NM Publications

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Vegetation Communities
Water Quality & Quantity
Other

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Birds
Fish
Herps
Mammals
Natural Resource Condition Assessment

2014 Natural Resource Condition Summary Tables Air Vegetation Water

Plants
Vegetation Mapping & Accuracy Assessment
Wetlands
Other

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Ozone & Foliar Injury
Vegetation Communities
Water Quality & Quantity

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Invasive Species Early Detection
Ozone & Foliar Injury
Vegetation Communities
Water Quality & Quantity

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Other

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Last Updated: December 30, 2016 Contact Webmaster