National Park Service

Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network (ERMN)

Vegetation and Soil Monitoring

Bloodroot flower on forest floor
Bloodroot flower on forest floor

Protocol Documents

Summary Reports

Resource Briefs

Journal Articles

Data Visualizers

Forest Vegetation Visualizer

Vital Signs

Forest, Woodland, Shrubland, and Riparian Vegetation; Invasive Species — Status and Trends; Soil Function and Dynamics; Early Detection of Invasive Species


Vegetation is the dominant land cover throughout ERMN parks and numerous ecological and anthropogenic forces affect the parks’ vegetation and soils. This protocol will provide park managers with comprehensive long-term data about the status of the parks’ vegetation and soil resources and how they are changing over time.  Availability of these monitoring data will increase managers’ knowledge, improve their ability to steward park resources, and allow them adjust to and mitigate threats to the parks’ vegetation.

Monitoring Effort

all ERMN parks except Upper Delaware SRR

Monitoring Objectives

Three broad questions guide the monitoring program:

  • How are vegetation composition, structure, and demography changing over time in relation to weather, climate, landscape dynamics, invasive species, deer browse, and natural processes such as gap formation and succession?
  • How are soil and soil fertility changing in relation to acid and nutrient deposition?
  • How do park and network status and trends compare to regional trends, historical data, and desired future conditions?

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Last Updated: October 31, 2017 Contact Webmaster