National Park Service

Mid-Atlantic Network (MIDN)

Inventory & Monitoring at
Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park

Macroinvertebrate sampling at Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania NMP
Macroinvertebrate sampling at Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania NMP
NPS LogoFredericksburg & Spotsylvania NMP
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Location of Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania NMP in the Mid-Atlantic Network . Click for larger image.

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park was established to commemorate four major battles of the Civil War: Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, including Salem Church, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Courthouse. The park's nine principal units contain approximately 3,440 ha (8,500 acres). Late successional forest is the most common vegetation type in the park, covering nearly half of the park's land. Early successional vegetation and cultural land use classes cover over 30% and 20% respectively. The park provides habitat for a diversity of species, including one federally endangered plant, and many state species of special concern, which include amphibian, bird, mollusk, and plant taxa.

The park currently faces numerous threats to its natural and cultural resources. Increased urbanization and population growth in the surrounding areas can have adverse effects on land cover, air and water quality, and further fragment already limited habitat. Additionally, agricultural practices can adversely affect water quality through sedimentation and increased pollutant inputs. Add to these, stresses due to global warming, and the potential spread of invasive exotic species that impact biological diversity and degrade park habitats.

In addition to the natural resource management activities being performed by park staff, scientists of the Mid-Atlantic Network Inventory and Monitoring Program have instituted several monitoring protocols to monitor the status and trends of natural resources at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania NMP. These monitoring activities include: Air Quality, Benthic Macroinvertebrate, Breeding Bird, Forest Vegetation, Water Quality and Quantity, and Weather and Climate monitoring. To find documents regarding these programs, use the search box below or browse our document library.

Search Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park Publications

Select a Species Category (optional):

What's the difference?

A Checklist contains only those species that are designated as "present" or "probably present" in the park.

The Full List with Details includes all the Checklist species plus species that are unconfirmed, historically detected, or incorrectly reported in the park. The Full List also contains species that are "in review" because their status in the park hasn't been fully determined. Additional details about the status of each species is included in the Full List.

The Checklist will almost always contain fewer species than the Full List.

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Last Updated: December 30, 2016 Contact Webmaster