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Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park

Red maple leaf
A maple leaf that has completely turned red after the phenological event of fall foliage has reached it's peak in Vermont. Marsh-Billings-Rockfeller NHP. Ed Sharron photo.

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park encompasses the historic Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Mansion, the surrounding grounds, and the Mount Tom Forest in Woodstock, Vermont. It was a gift to the people of the United States from Mary French and Laurance S. Rockefeller. Mary Rockefeller's grandfather, Frederick Billings, developed the property into a model farm and forest in the late 1800s. Billings' stewardship efforts were influenced by George Perkins Marsh. A conservationist and author of the 1864 landmark book Man and Nature, Marsh spent his childhood years on the property.

Geology and geologic processes form the foundation for the ecosystem at Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park and continue to influence the evolution of the landscape. The park contains metamorphosed rocks formed more than 400 million years ago, originally deposited in an ancient ocean basin. Sitting atop this ancient bedrock, today the bulk of the park consists of a northen hardwood forest ecosystem that provides habitat for a wide variety of wildlife, including over 165 species of birds. The park also contains a year-round stream (Pogue Brook) and pond (The Pogue), which are both monitored under NETN's water quality monitoring program.


The goals of NETN's Vital Signs Monitoring in the park include:

  1. Determine the status and trends in selected indicators of the condition of park ecosystems to allow managers to make better-informed decisions and to work more effectively with other agencies and individuals for the benefit of park resources.
  2. Provide early warning of abnormal conditions of selected resources to help develop effective mitigation measures and reduce costs of management.
  3. Provide data to better understand the dynamic nature and condition of park ecosystems and to provide reference points for comparisons with other, altered environments.
  4. Provide data to meet certain legal and Congressional mandates related to natural resource protection and visitor enjoyment.
  5. Provide a means of measuring progress towards performance goals.

View Park Related Publications by Topic:

Because most protocols address multiple vital signs, the NETN program is organized around protocols, rather than vital signs. The drop-down lists below show monitoring and inventory activity, as well as all park briefs for Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP. The protocol drop-downs also show the relative vital signs that are addressed by each protocol.

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Air Quality

Vital Signs Addressed

Acidic Deposition & stress,contaminants,and ozone.

Protocol Page

Air Quality
Breeding Landbirds

Vital Signs Addressed

Breeding Landbirds

Protocol Page

Breeding Landbirds
Climate (in development)

Vital Signs Addressed

Climate

Protocol Page

Climate
Invasive Species - Early Detection

Vital Signs Addressed

Invasive/Exotic Plants, Invasive/Exotic Animals

Protocol Page

Invasive Species

Park Target Invasive Species List

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP (2015)
Phenology

Vital Signs Addressed

Phenology

Protocol Page

Phenology

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Air Quality
Breeding Landbirds
Climate (in development)
Forest Health
Invasive Species - Early Detection
Phenology
Water Quality

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Breeding Birds
Reptiles & Amphibians
Terrestrial Mammals
Vegetation Mapping
Fish
Land Cover

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Air Quality
Breeding Landbirds
Climate
Forest Health
Invasive Species - Early Detection
Phenology
Water Quality

Park Basline Inventories:

The Inventory and Monitoring Program provides guidance, funding, and technical assistance for parks to complete a set of 12 baseline, or "basic", natural resource inventories. These basic inventories are common to all parks with significant natural resources, and are intended to provide park managers with the minimum information needed to effectively manage the natural resources of their park. For more information, read the Fact Sheets for each of the inventories (PDF) by clicking here or on each individual inventory name.

Baseline Inventories Complete for Park? Reports, Documents & Data
Water Quality Y Baseline Inventory

Base Cartography

Y Base Cartography Data Inventory (2001 - 2010)
Air Quality Related Values Y Air Quality Monitoring in NETN Parks
Climate Inventory Y Weather and Climate Inventory for NETN parks (2006)
Geological Resources Inventory Y

Geological Resources Inventory Report

GIS Data

Soil Resources Inventory Y NPS - SRI - Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO)
Water Body Location and Classification Y

National Hydrography Dataset Viewer

Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics (HIS)

Vegetation Map Y NPS Vegetation Inventory Project
Species Lists Y IRMA Species Search
Species Occurrence and Distribution Y Biological Resources Search on IRMA

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NETN Monitoring Map

Locations are approximate. For informational purposes only.

To open the map in a new window, click here.


Bird observations from eBird (non-NPS)

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP has been set up in eBird as a birding "hotspot". Help the park bolster bird data by adding your bird obsevations to eBird when you visit the park.
You can also download and print off a Bird Checklist for the park. The bird list was created using data from the volunteer run NETN Breeding Landbird Monitoring program, eBird observations, and NPSpecies information.


Species observations from iNaturalist (non-NPS)

inaturalist LogoLearn how you can contribute to iNaturalist

inaturalist LogoView Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP data on iNaturalist website

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NPS Map of the Park

Last Updated: October 05, 2017 Contact Webmaster