National Park Service

Southern Colorado Plateau Network (SCPN)

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (SAPU)

Abó Mission<br />(SCPN photo) Bench in lush spring vegetation<br />(SCPN photo) Petroglyph near the spring at Abó<br />(SCPN photo) Buffalo gourd in riparian vegetation plot<br />(SCPN photo) Stone work on the tower at Abó Mission<br />(SCPN photo) Large cottonwood tree near Quarai Mission<br />(SCPN photo) Gopher snake at the Quarai Unit<br />(USGS photo) Interior rooms at Quarai Mission<br />(SCPN photo) Gathering riparian vegetation data at Quarai Spring<br />(SCPN photo) Landscape near Abó<br />(SCPN photo) Mission of Quarai<br />(SCPN photo) Lush riparian vegetation at the Abó Unit<br />(SCPN photo) Recording data for vegetation mapping project<br />(SCPN photo) Pools at the Abó Unit<br />(SCPN photo)

Inventory Reports

Monitoring Reports

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Park Flora (SEINet)
NPS Logo Official Salinas Pueblo Missions NM Website
SCPN park map
Location of Salinas Pueblo Missions NM in the Southern Colorado Plateau Network. Click for larger image.

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is comprised of 3 units – Abó, Quarai, and Gran Quivira – and encompasses 1063 acres (430 ha) in central New Mexico. It was originally established as Gran Quivira National Monument in 1909 to protect cultural resources associated with the prehistoric Indian pueblos and Franciscan mission ruins. In 1980, the monument was combined with two New Mexico state monuments.

The units of Salinas Pueblo are situated within Estancia Basin at the southeast foothills of the Manzano Mountains. The terrain, cut with canyons and rocky outcrops, is fairly steep and rugged.

No water resources exist within the Gran Quivira unit of the Monument, but the Abó unit has two drainages with at least two pools that hold water year-round. The Quarai unit has one wash and two springs, which provides water for a more diverse vegetation community than the other two units. Vegetation at Salinas Pueblo NM is predominantly pinyon-juniper woodland and associated desert shrubland. Lack of water in large areas of the monument depresses faunal diversity, which includes 2 amphibian, 99 bird, and 19 mammal species.

The Southern Colorado Plateau Network is conducting long-term monitoring of springs and the integrated riparian communities at Salinas Pueblo Missions NM.

Life Zones at Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

Salinas Pueblo Missions ranges in elevation range from 5,953 to 6,750 feet (1,815–2,058 m) and spans the Semi-Desert Grassland/Shrub Steppe and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland life zones. The monument experiences an average annual precipitation of 14.3 inches (362 mm).

Salinas Pueblo Missions Life Zones

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Last Updated: April 24, 2018 Contact Webmaster