National Park Service

Southern Colorado Plateau Network (SCPN)

Wupatki National Monument (WUPA)

Blue grama, a dominant grass of limy uplands<br />(SCPN photo) Block of eroded Moenkopi limestone in Antelope Wash<br />(NPS photo) Arrowhead Sink and San Francisco Mountain near<br />Wupatki NM (NPS photo) Black-on-white Ancestral Puebloan pottery sherd<br />(SCPN photo) Catepillar eating portulaca<br />(SCPN photo) Gray globemallow<br />(SCPN photo) Blocks of basalt below the walls of the Citadel<br />(NPS photo) Evidence of fire in Wupatki grasslands<br />(SCPN photo) San Francisco Mountain view from upland vegetation<br />monitoring plot (SCPN photo) Lomaki Pueblo at dusk<br />(NPS photo) View of Woodhouse Mesa from Wupatki Basin<br />(NPS photo) James' holdback in bloom<br />(SCPN photo) James' holdback seedpods<br />(SCPN photo) Juniper woodland with sparse grass understory<br />(SCPN photo) Rocky Mountain zinnia<br />(SCPN photo) Wukoki Pueblo sitting atop a sandstone bench<br />(NPS photo)

Inventory Reports

Monitoring Project Summaries

Monitoring Reports

Monitoring Protocol Documents

University of Wyoming Logo
Park Flora (SEINet)
NPS Logo Official Wupatki NM Website
SCPN park map
Location of Wupatki NM in the Southern Colorado Plateau Network. Click for larger image.

Wupatki National Monument encompasses 14,350 hectares in north-central Arizona, near Flagstaff and directly west of the Little Colorado River and the Navajo Reservation. It was established on December 9, 1924 by President Calvin Coolidge to preserve several prehistoric pueblos with standing architecture. Wupatki NM is the only known area in the southwestern U.S. where physical evidence from at least three archeologically separate Ancestral Puebloan cultures is found together in a number of archeological sites. Historic Navajo and Anglo ranch sites are also present at the monument.

Twenty-two plant community types have been documented at Wupatki NM. The most dominant types are pinyon-juniper woodland and savanna, grasslands, and desert scrub communities. The monument also supports 145 bird, 46 mammal, and 19 reptile species. Surface water resources in Wupatki include the Little Colorado River, several springs, washes, and arroyos.

SCPN monitors springs and upland vegetation and soils, and bird communities at Wupatki National Monument.

Life Zones at Wupatki National Monument

Wupatki NM ranges in elevation from 4,277 to 5,720 feet (1,304–1,744 m) and contains both the Pinyon-Juniper Woodland and Semi-Desert Grassland /Shrub Steppe life zones. The monument experiences an average annual precipitation of 8.2 inches (209 m).

Wupatki Life Zones

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Last Updated: January 23, 2018 Contact Webmaster