Parks in this Network
New populations of the globally endangered lichen Erioderma pedicellatum were found in both Katmai NPP and Lake Clark NPP. Photo: NPS/J. Walton
Documenting coastal driftwood lichens at Chinitna Bay, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. Photo: NPS/J. Walton
Lichens are an important component of biological diversity and are sensitive indicators of air quality and climate. Despite their ecological importance in southwest Alaska, there is a general lack of information regarding lichen occurrence. To address this information need, SWAN partnered with Oregon State University (OSU) to conduct a lichen inventory of its three largest units: Katmai National Park and Preserve, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park.
Under the guidance of OSU and the NPS, a team of lichenologists from North America and Europe conducted fieldwork during the 2013–2016 summer seasons. They surveyed sites throughout each park that were selected by NPS botanists to span a range of rich lichen habitats, including coastal rock outcrops and forests; large interior lake, river and forest systems; and interior and coastal alpine zones.
To date, at least 14 species have been discovered that are new to science, 7 species are new to North America, and 14 species are new to the state of Alaska. Additionally, new populations of the globally-endangered lichen, Erioderma pedicillatum (Hue) P.M.Jørg., were discovered in both Katmai and Lake Clark. Twelve peer-reviewed journal articles and one master's thesis have been published using inventory findings (see below). Other products include two manuscripts (in progress) that discuss the biodiversity and ecology of SWAN's lichen communities through an annotated voucher-based lichen species list and accompanying database for each of the three parks. Specimens collected during the course of the inventory will be provided on loan to the Museum of the North Herbarium (ALA), University of Alaska and several other institutions, where they will be available for research and educational purposes.
Below are images from SWAN's lichen inventory.
- Lücking, Robert, Bibiana Moncada, Bruce McCune, Edit Farkas, Bernard Goffinet, Dinah Parker, José Luis Chaves, László Lőkös, Peter R. Nelson, Toby Spribille, Soili Stenroos, Timothy Wheeler, Alba Yanez-Ayabaca, Karen Dillman, Otto T. Gockman, Trevor Goward, Jason Hollinger, Erin A. Tripp, John Villella, Wilson R. Álvaro-Alba, Carlos Julio Arango, Marcela E. S. Cáceres, Luis Fernando Coca, Christian Printzen, Camilo Rodríguez, Klara Scharnagl, Ricardo Rozzi, Edier Soto-Medina, and Lidia S. Yakovchenko. 2017. Pseudocyphellaria crocata (Ascomycota: Lobariaceae) in the Americas is revealed to be thirteen species, and none of them is P. crocata. The Bryologist 120(4): 441–500. DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745-120.4.14.
- Esslinger, Theodore L., Bruce McCune, and Diane Haughland. 2017. Physconia labrata, a new species from western North America and Asia. The Bryologist 120(4): 427–434. DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745-120.4.427.
- Muggia, Lucia, Riccardo Mancinelli, Tor Tønsberg, Agnieszka Jablonska, Martin Kukwa and Zdeněk Palice. 2017. Molecular analyses uncover the phylogenetic placement of the lichenized hyphomycetous genus Cheiromycina. Mycologia (Online Version). DOI: 10.1080/00275514.2017.1397476.
- Knudsen, Kerry and Jana Kocourková. 2017. Acarospora toensbergii (Acarosporaceae), a new species from Alaska, U.S.A. Opuscula Philolichenum 16: 317–321.
- Brodo, Irwin M. and Bruce McCune. 2017. Ochrolechia brodoi a new lichen for North America from Alaska, with updates to the key of corticolous North America species. Evansia 34(3): 110–113. DOI: 10.1639/0747-9859-34.3.110.
- Magain, Nicolas, Emmanuël Sérusiaux, Mikhail P. Zhurbenko, François Lutzoni, and Jolanta Miadlikowska. 2016. Disentangling the Peltigera polydactylon Species Complex by Recognizing Two New Taxa, P. polydactylon subsp. udeghe and P. seneca. Herzogia 29(2): 514–528. DOI: 10.13158/heia.29.2.2016.514.
- Stone, Daphne F., James W. Hinds, Frances L. Anderson, and James C. Lendemer. 2016. A revision of the Leptogium saturninum group in North America. The Lichenologist 48(5): 387–421. DOI: 10.1017/S0024282916000323.
- McCune, Bruce, Einar Timdal, and Mika Bendiksby. 2016. Rhizocarpon quinonum, a new anthraquinone-containing species from the Alaska Peninsula. The Lichenologist 48(5): 367–375. DOI: 10.1017/S0024282916000347.
- Tønsberg, Tor. 2016. Jamesiella scotica new to North America from USA, Alaska. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 53: 23–24. DOI: 10.12697/fce.2016.53.03
- Fryday, Alan M. and Tor Tønsberg. 2015. Ameliella — a bryicolous lichen genus rediscovered in North America after 50 years. Evansia 32(4): 171–175.
- Arup, Ulf, Jan Vondák, and Mehnet G. Halıcı. 2015. Parvoplaca nigroblastidiata a new corticolous lichen (Teloschistaceae) in Europe, Turkey and Alaska. The Lichenologist 47(6): 379–385.
- Spickerman, K. 2015. Lichen functional trait variation along an east-west climatic gradient in Oregon and among habitats in Katmai National Park, Alaska. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University. 150p.
- Sheard, John W., Bruce McCune, and Tor Tønsberg. 2014. A new corticolous species of Rinodina (Physciaceae) and two interesting range extensions for species collected from Katmai National Park, Alaska. The Bryologist 117(3): 253–258.
- Di Meglio, E. 2016. Stereocaulon of three Alaskan national parks — Katmai, Lake Clark and Kenai Fjords. Oral Presentation, 87th Annual Meeting of the Northwest Scientific Association, Central Oregon Community College, Bend, OR.
- McCune, B. 2016. Nitrophilous lichens vary in frequency along a precipitation gradient in Alaska, Oral Presentation, 87th Annual Meeting of the Northwest Scientific Association, Central Oregon Community College, Bend, OR.
- Walton, J. 2016. Early discoveries from the Southwest Alaska I&M Network lichen inventory. Poster Presentation, NPS Alaska Region Centennial Science and Stewardship Symposium, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK